There are a few ways to treat gum disease and they typically depend on the severity of the disease and recommendations from your dentist or periodontist. If you are suffering from gum disease, then the best course of action moving forward is to control the bacteria both above and blow the gum lines.
Non-Surgical Treatment Methods
Professional dental cleanings – During your routine checkup or visit your dentist or hygienist will remove plaque and tarter on the surface of the tooth as well as above and below the gum line of the teeth. If it is very early in the diagnosis, your dentist may recommend cleanings more than twice a year.
Scaling & root planing- A deep cleaning may be deemed necessary by your dentist both above and below the gum line. A local anesthetic is administered and plaque and tarter is scraped away from the teeth (scaling) and the teeth are smoothed over to prevent bacterial build-up (planing). This provides a nice smooth surface for the gums to reattach to.
Surgical Treatment Methods
Sometimes when the disease has progressed further, surgical treatments are necessary for repair. The recommended course of action may vary and should be discussed with your dentist or periodontist, but can include:
- Flap or pocket reduction surgery
- Soft tissue grafts
- Guided tissue regeneration
- Bone surgery (in very progressed cases)
- Bone grafting (in very progressed cases)